HR Department - Role and Functions - The Evolved HR!

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HR Department - Role and Functions


HR Department - Role and Functions

Photo by Alex Green

An HR department should be structured according to its goals, using traditional or more flexible communication models that convey information from top to bottom or provide on-demand work for diverse teams.

Human Resources departments fulfill many functions, from screening applicants and conducting interviews to creating job descriptions and handling conflicts and employee relations.

Job Analysis

The Human Resources department oversees administrative duties like filling out employment applications, hiring candidates and maintaining digital personnel files. They also assist with employee relations by coaching underperforming employees or creating an open, honest culture within an organization.

Job analysis is one of the primary human resource functions. It involves identifying all of the activities required in performing their jobs and which human traits will best fit for these activities. HR professionals alone or alongside managers and workers themselves can perform this function.

Retaining high-performing employees is another top HR priority, which can be accomplished through competitive compensation and benefits packages and career development plans designed to keep promising staffers.


HR departments typically oversee all aspects of recruitment for their company. From searching candidates through job boards and employee referrals to reviewing applications, their HR department takes on every aspect of finding talent for their organization.

HR professionals oversee salary benchmarking to ensure their company remains competitive against similar employers. They research compensation trends and assist managers with complying with employment laws regarding pay rates and working conditions.

HR also contributes to shaping and maintaining company culture, such as encouraging work-life balance with flexible schedules for employees who desire them. Furthermore, they can set up career pathways to retain promising talent within their company.

Training and Development

HR managers frequently create learning programs to assist employees in honing their skills. Such an initiative is essential to employee growth and increased productivity.

HR departments oversee both mandatory and voluntary company benefits, such as health insurance, retirement plans, gym memberships and other incentives, to attract top talent. HR makes sure these benefits remain competitive with those offered by similar businesses to keep employees happy and motivate employees to remain with the organization.

Human Resources specialists also oversee employee and labor relations, developing management responses to union organizing campaigns and negotiating contract negotiations with labor unions on contract issues - an especially crucial role in unionized work environments.

Compensation and Benefits

Compensation and benefits administration entails setting salaries for a company's workforce as well as ensuring they are paid fairly. Furthermore, this role encompasses administering federally mandated programs like worker's compensation while keeping records.

Training and development is another HR responsibility, including orientation for new hires, leadership training programs, career path planning for each worker in the department, tuition reimbursement programs and tuition fee waiver programs. HR managers may also conduct special specialized management or labor relations training sessions designed to equip executives for handling employee issues or conflicts effectively.

An HR team can be organized either formally or informally. A formal structure places more importance on hierarchy, goals and tasks while an informal structure provides greater flexibility.

Employee Relations

HR is responsible for keeping employees satisfied by creating environments which suit them best, such as those free from bullying, harassment and discrimination. When necessary disciplinary measures must be taken and/or an employee just isn't suitable to the company a decision should be made whether to let them stay or let them go.

Typical midsized businesses will employ a VP of HR who oversees multiple generalist HR managers, an employee relations manager, and recruiting coordinator. Certain tasks such as payroll are outsourced.


An effective HR department is essential to ensuring company policies are adhered to and that the organization runs efficiently, including making sure employees do not experience harassment, discrimination or unequal compensation.

Human Resources departments also help manage employee relations by helping create a productive working environment and increasing employee satisfaction. Furthermore, HR departments may even facilitate flexible work models that accommodate families or those with other commitments.

An HR department may be organized formally or informally, depending on its needs. A formal structure offers clear hierarchies and responsibilities, while informal models allow for greater flexibility and cross-functional capacity.


HR professionals monitor company policies to ensure they conform with industry standards and are efficient. If there are instances that negatively affect employees or the business, HR specialists suggest changes as a response.

HR departments play a crucial role in motivating employees by offering attractive compensation and benefits packages that remain attractive to both newcomers and existing staff, keeping companies competitive in the marketplace.

Human Resources departments can be organized in numerous ways, from centralized to decentralized structures. A centralized structure means information flows from top down while decentralized models allow HR professionals to work independently of management.

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